Neurological disorders are all types of diseases related to the brain, the spine and the nerves that connect them. These disorders can generally be divided into several types:
- those in which specific cells are lost over time such as Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s disease and multiple sclerosis that can be classed as neurodegenerative diseases
- those in which cells are lost in response to an ‘acute injury’ such as stroke, traumatic brain injury or spinal cord injury
- those in which cell function is impaired but cell death may not occur such as epilepsy.
A neurological disorder is not necessarily restricted only to the brain. A neurological disorder can affect any part of the body’s nervous system. These can include the basic physical structure, biochemistry, or electrical functioning of the brain, the spinal cord, any nerves related to them, or any of the types of cells in the nervous system.